Kids and Self-Defense Techniques

Kids are often troubled by bullies or elder people for their enjoyment, or just to make fun of them. But kids are very sensitive and often get disappointed and sometimes scared of the elders. So, it is the parents’ responsibility to educate and help their kids out with self-defense tips and suggestions to face the situations bravely. We also have some valuable suggestions and tips for your kids that are listed out below.

Tips or techniques for kids self-defense

Indiana private investigatorConfident body language: Bullying can be prevented with confident body language. Confidence in the body language involves confident talking, walking, good posture, etc. So, kids should know how to behave or act in-front of the elders for not being a victim of bullies. Parents should also help the kids in building up their techniques.

Loud voice or shouting: Using loud voice near the bullies makes them scared or retreat and diffuse the situation. Though it doesn’t workout for them, ask them to shout so that they will run away from the situation and never troubles you. Shouting also attracts the attention of the near by people so that you can get help from them. Being quite always doesn’t workout.

Stay in group: Elders won’t target the kids who are staying in the group so, educate your kids about this point and ask them to stay in the group especially with the friends. Staying in the group prevents the situation before it really happens. If they don’t have the groups, ask them to make friendship with the good ones and form a group because friendship works out well.

Try to escape: If you see that elders are approaching you for teasing, try to escape from the situation and stay out of their vision. Otherwise, if you are in a situations where they surrounded you, try to find a chance and then escape. Let them know that it is not that you are weak and it is because of courage which makes you run.

Learn self-defense techniques: Kids can always take the help of their parents and elders to learn self-defense techniques. It is good to educate your kids with self-defense techniques in advance so that they can buildup their confidence and face the situation bravely. If you are not able to educate your kid regarding self-defense, then send them to self-defense classes.

Prevention: Prevention is one of the best self-defense techniques and you do it by walking away from the situation. Let the bullies do whatever they want, never mind, just walk away and this will help you out.
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Handy Self-defense Tools or Weapons for Everyone

self defense classes INLooking for self-defense weapons? Well, you don’t have to purchase them, because they can be lying around in your home, in your hand bag or in your, that can be used as a self-defense weapon. Read the article to know some self-defense tools or weapons that everyone can use to protect themselves against attacker.

Self-defense tools
Everything that you use in home can act as a self-defense tool if you mold them to your hand. Some of the regular home available tools that you can use for self-defense are knifes, broomsticks, jars, etc.

When you are outside
If you are outside your home and alone then, you should carry few self-defense tools with you which will help you protect from the attackers.

Pepper spray
Usually it is a very powerful tool for women. They can carry this in their bags everywhere and use it at the right time and situation. To use this one doesn’t need any skill, just spray at the attackers face to escape from him.

Self-defense rings
This can be used either by boys or girls. Just have this ring on your finger and no one will come to know that it is a self-defense tool because it looks like a stylish wear and not as a weapon for the people who see. So, buy this kind of sharp rings and wear it in your hands through which you can attack the stranger in danger.

Pepper spray phone covers
This also can be used by any one who carries mobile with them. As the technology is improving people are developing new techniques and tools in every field. So, here comes a new mobile covers that contain pepper spray which keeps you safe. No one will know that you are carrying a pepper spray in your hand.

Stun guns
This is very helpful to freeze the attacker for sometime with the electric shock that they get through the gun and this gives time to escape from him. This is a very effective tool that can be used in self-defense.
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How to Prepare Yourself for Your First Meeting with a Lawyer

You have a meeting with a lawyer who is going to present your case in favor of you in the court. There are certain things that you should do in advance to prepare yourself for it. You have to gather and organize the details of your case in a systematic way. Having all the details at a place will let the lawyer advise you properly.

This article provides a few practical tips on how to prepare yourself for the first meeting with a lawyer. Remember, being prepared will satisfy you with the quality of legal service the lawyer provides. A few important questions to ask the lawyer during the meeting are:

Does the lawyer specialize in your type of problem?
After telling the details of the case, this is the first question that you should be asking the lawyer – whether they are experienced in resolving issues as yours.

You need to be specific and should ask them if they have earlier taken up such cases and if so know the outcome. Only if the lawyer is experienced and specialized in your type of problem, he will be able to handle your case well.

How much they are going to charge and how are fees structured?
Now that you are confident that the lawyer is specialized in your type of problem, get to know whether or not you can afford the lawyer. Ask the lawyer to estimate how much it will cost to solve your problem, including fees and other expenses.

In addition, ask how the lawyer will charge, whether it will be a flat rate charged according to the number of hours, or as a percentage of what the court awards you. This information will help you decide whether or not to hire the lawyer.

What kind of clients does the lawyer represent?
Aside from factors like specialization, experience and fees, you also need to know the lawyer’s past and present clients and know how he has represented his clients. Take a look at his track record of wins and losses, and look at the facts.

How long will your case probably take?
Ask the lawyer approximately how long the whole case will take and what are your chances of winning. If the chances of you winning are fewer, then should you settle the case instead of suing. And if the chances of you winning the case are more, how long it will take.

How will they report you of developments in your case?
Choose a lawyer who will keep you informed on the developments in your case. The best way to ensure this is to ask the lawyer to send you an email to stay in contact with you for the case. By doing this, you can avoid repeated phone calls to know what’s happening in the case at no cost, because those phone calls will cost you money.
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Ways to Improve your Language Learning

skillsSome aspects of learning a language are daunting, and may seem difficult to overcome. Time and patience are the basic things and some activities for learning the new language should be carried out to overcome these challenges. In this article, we will discuss the activities and the basic skills for learning a new language, and you would find them effectual. Build them as your regular study program.


  • For developing your listening strategies, use an audio or a video to practice and learn. Listen to one thing not only once or twice, but several times. This helps in building an understanding of a piece by listening to it several times.
  • Try to focus on the pronunciation and note how the preceding words influence the pronunciation of the following. Listen to more than two sentences giving the same meaning, and identify the difference or the variation in the same.
  • Using video recordings for listening helps you in developing skills to interpret paralinguistic clues, like head and eye movement, gestures, etc. for improving your understanding of the context.
  • It is a good idea to listen to a recording with someone else, so that after each listening you can share information on what you both have understood.
  • Use a short section of the recording as a self dictation exercise and practice other skills along with listening – taking down notes and then writing a short summary. Moreover, you can extract useful vocabulary.


  • Developing your skills in predicting – see what you can predict about the text from the title, side headings, the first or the last paragraph. Thus, ask yourself what the article is all about.
  • Improving your skills in making inferences. From a piece of text, try to guess the meaning of difficult words. For instance, what speech it is, what the following and preceding information suggests may lead to finding the meaning of the unknown word.
  • For clarity, try to break the sentences and rephrase the ideas in simple terms.
  • Develop text awareness skills. Go through the text and try to identify the writer’s attitude towards the subject and what clues in the text leads you to your conclusion.


  • Speak new words in order to memorize and also practice the pronunciation.
  • Ask the native speakers to check how you are pronouncing different words.
  • Find opportunities to speak and practice because this helps in developing fluency in the language.
  • It is a good idea for recording yourself on tape, replaying and finding the mistakes in grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and later correcting it and saying it a better way next time.
  • Practice mimicking the native speakers, which helps you in developing confidence.


  • racticing writing is a good way of improving and learning a new language. Even informal writing activities like writing a diary entry in the language you are learning, corresponding with the native speaker on email, etc. are useful.
  • When writing/typing on word program, use a spell checker to monitor your mistakes. In addition, note the words with the same spellings but different meaning. Such words may confuse you. For example, quiet and quite. Another essential tool for checking similar word is looking up a thesaurus.

The ways discussed here are likely to help you learn the language with sustained practice over time.

Related Links:
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HR: What all Includes Compensation

For employees, the term “work compensation” has a very limited meaning. They generally perceive compensation as the monthly or yearly wages that they get. While this is only partially true, the term “work compensation” is rather broad and includes many other things also. This is the reason when employees complain that they received a salary that is less than what their compensation package says. Wages are just a part of the compensation package.

While discussing the compensation and wages it should be in notice that federal and state agencies frame laws for minimum wages that has to be paid for the employees. HR should keep these laws and the minimum wages in mind while deciding the wages and compensation packages of the individual. Any deliberate and non-deliberate acts of non-compliance can pull the organization into lawsuits and penalties. Labor law posters regarding same has to pasted in the workplace for the information of employees.

All that compensation includes
The reason employees feel that they are underpaid than their compensation is because they generally treat compensation as salary only and calculate likewise but compensation is a mix of all the expenses and privileges along with the salary that a employer bears. Compensation includes base salary and other benefits like medical facilities, bonuses, commissions, on-site amenities, retirement benefits and any other like things which an employer arranges for the employee at work. In short it is the total expenditure that an employer does on its particular employee.

Base salaries and compensation benefits change from company to company. So a high compensation package should not be treated as a high salary. The salary can be less in a high compensation package also as other benefits may be high. Hence, an employee must get these things clear before joining a particular company rather than crying foul afterward.

Importance of compensation programs
A healthy and good compensation package encourages an employee to build goodwill and work hard for the interests of the company. An employee who is properly paid develops job satisfaction and work hard above expectations. Hence developing a proper compensation package for employees is very important. They should include suitable salaries and necessary benefits also which will keep an employee happy and retained with the company. Procedures and instruments should be in place to honor the hard work and commitment of employees through rewards and incentives. Recognition of work and appreciation builds work satisfaction which is more important and worthy than the salaries paid to them. This leads to long term benefits for the company.
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How to Utilize Empty Spaces in Your Home for Gardening

Are you a garden lover, but because you don’t have a garden you are giving up the idea of gardening? Well, then here comes the solution. With the small and empty spaces in and around your house you can explore some great ideas on gardening.

You can use every single left over space in your home for gardening. Many people usually neglect empty spaces if they are at dark or at ground level. But, you can make use of a few places for gardening purpose. Some of them are:

At doorsteps
You can use the edges of door steps to place some beautiful small containers with small plants, shrubs or miniatures. Use decorative container pieces like metal, synthetic, etc., and plant them with flowering plants to make your doorsteps more beautiful.

Near windows
Generally every home will have windows and some of them are pulled out with a wall. So, you can use this pulled out wall as a space for placing small plants. This makes your window frame colorful and act as a visual extensions in your room.

Small left outs near the wall
If you have small spaces left out with soil near your wall then, you can plant creepers that crawls over the wall. Creepers add beauty to your wall and home as a decorative choice. They don’t actually need more space, so planting creepers is more easy in the small space available.

On your tables
You can use your indoor home space for gardening. Place some small miniature plants on your table tops instead of the artificial flower vases. They act as a decorative pieces on your table.

At hangings
Hangings won’t occupy any space on the floor. For this, you can just use your roof of rod hangers to suspend the pots or containers with small plants or shrubs. You can hang containers on your indoor or outdoor roofs.

In your kitchen
You can use your kitchen windows or kitchen countertops and tables for placing some miniatures or small shrubs.

In parking strip
People generally neglect the ground between the side walk and the street, but you can use it for planting.

If you really think, every single left over and waste spaces in your home can be used for gardening. So, check all your empty spaces so that you can use them for gardening.
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Why You Need to Backup Your Website?

monitoring serviceBackup is very important for a website because of various reasons. If you are website owner then, you need to perform website backup. Do you want to know why to do the website backup and the various reasons. Then, go through this article.

There may be a chance of deleting your website without your intention. If you don’t have a backup then, you may face the problem later. Here we have listed out few common reasons for backing up your website.

To prevent data loss unknowingly or during upgrades
Many webhosting companies or many website owners won’t backup the websites regularly. If your website is based on CMS which have no. of plug-in’s and components that require regular up gradation, then there is a chance of data loss. To prevent this, your website needs backup regularly.

Canadian web hosting companiesA full server failure may occur
In some situations there is a chance of full server failure which in general is not a common problem. This may lead to the unnecessary downtime of a website and many more issues. The problems may increase if you don’t have a backup of your website. If you have the copy of backup of your website you can resolve this problem by restoring all the sites information quickly and bring back to the normal situation.

Failure in the hard drive
Though the server and hard drive seems to be reliable, there is a chance of failures in them. The failure will depend on the type of the server your website is having and how it is configured. So, before choosing your web-hosting company see to it that what type of backup options they are providing for the clients. Many of the hosting companies offer spare drive installed in the website or a swappable drive to prevent this problem.

Chances of hacking
Though your website looks secured, it needs to be monitored because the code that your website is having can build the vulnerabilities through which it gives a chance to the hackers.

To get protection against malware and virus
Having a backup makes you secure from the malware or the virus attacks made against your website. Though the web-hosting companies run virus and malware scanners, it is better to have the backup to bring back your website to previous stage.

If your website is static without any modifications done, performing backup at a fixed interval of time is sufficient, but if your website is dynamic, you need to perform regular backups to keep the data safe with updated information. To avoid this problem, do backups with the help of your web-hosting company and boost-up your website when it has a trouble.
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Prognathism – Types, Causes and Diagnosis

Prognathism is a condition in which protruding of either of the upper or lower jaws is caused by the structural abnormalities of the face. It is the type of genetic jaw disorder.

Types of prognathism

  • Alveolar prognathism: Alveolar prognathism is a condition in which tooth socket protrudes from the lower jaw. In this type of prognathism, abnormalities are seen around the jaw where teeth are located.
  • Mandibular prognathism: Mandibular prognathism is the condition in which teeth of lower jaw protrudes over teeth of upper jaw leads to extended chin. This condition is also called progenism.
  • Maxillary prognathism: Teeth of the upper jaw overlaps on the teeth of the lower jaw, this condition is called maxillary prognathism. This gives the face an elongated appearance.

Causes of prognathism

  • Family history of protruding jaws
  • Genetic disorders such as down syndrome, basal cell nevus syndrome
  • Growth hormone disorders such as gigantism, acromegaly
  • Excessive growth of mandible or temporomandibular joint disorder causes mandibular prognathism
  • Tongue thrushing and mouth breathing causes mandibular prognathism
  • Thumb sucking or using pacifiers causes maxillary prognathism

Symptoms of prognathism

  • Difficulty in eating, biting or talking
  • Overlapping and protruding of teeth
  • Extended chin, elongated face

Diagnosis of prognathism
Dentist diagnose prognathism by performing some tests that helps the dentist to choose right treatment for prognathism. Diagnosis tests evaluates the type of prognathism that include:

  • Physical examination: Dentist physically examines the temporomandibular joint, upper and lower jaw and observe the movement of jaw and positioning of the teeth. Checks biting and talking ability.
  • Skull x-ray: Skull x-rays are taken to diagnose prognathism. Skull x-rays gives the pictures of temporomandibular joint and upper and lower jaws. It helps to diagnose the abnormalities in the teeth of upper and lower jaw.
  • Dental x-rays: Panoramic dental x-rays are taken which gives the complete pictures of the oral cavity. This helps the dentist to diagnose the abnormality or overlapping of teeth.
  • Bite impressions: Bite impressions are taken for the construction of the molds. Plastic molds are prepared for your teeth and applied to your teeth. This molds helps to repositioning of upper and lower jaws in their original position.

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Characteristics of a Good Website for Your Small Business

Website has become the most common and important to a business since the popularity of an internet has grown. No matter what is the size of the business small or medium or big, there exists a website of it now a days.

Website represents your business on the internet to the users and are playing a crucial role in the businesses. So, fairly enough time and care should be taken while designing businesses’ website.

Following are some of the major things to be kept in mind while creating a website of a business.

  • Structure of a website
  • Structure of a website must be well organized and designed. A website with good structure increases the usability of the website to the users.
  • Pleasant theme, good colours and relevant images must be used and should be appealing to the users.
  • All the content must be placed according to the categories and name them with short and apt names.
  • Internal linking must be easy and sequence of hierarchy must be followed in placing the content of the webpages.
  • Content of a website
  • Content of a website is a king. It shouldn’t be too short or too big and convey the useful information to the user.
  • Content posted on the website must be error free and informative. The content should convey all the useful information about the products, services or about the company to promote the brand.
  • Content should be fresh(updated regularly) with the current changes and the information should be genuine.
  • In short, content of an ideal website must be informative, authoritative and persuasive.
  • Relevant images
  • Posting irrelevant images for attracting the visitors is a bad idea. Visitors would not expect images to entertain them, because, the intention with which they visited the website is to know about the company and its products.
  • Images of the products or any relevant images will help the visitor understand the product well, that gives the customer a visual knowledge of the products/services.
  • In situations, where a visitor doesn’t want to spend much time reading the description of the products, images will be very helpful.
  • Easy navigation
  • Designing navigation of a website is very important and crucial part of website designing.
  • Navigation should be clear and it should guide the visitor through the internal webpages properly to access the information that he/she is willing to browse.
  • Easy navigation would make browsing easy to the users of any category
  • Theme of a website
  • Theme of a website must be simple yet, attractive.
  • Theme of a website should be pleasant, clear and should not be so bright to obstruct user reading.
  • Theme should be consistent through all the internal webpages.

Understanding that the website of a business is very crucial in internet advertising, businesses should spend enough time to plan and design the website well, so that, it is informative and useful for the visitors.
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Difference Between Petrol Engine and Diesel Engine

Electric fuel pumpToday the automobiles are available in diesel and petrol variants. Customers often feel confused regarding which vehicle to choose as they do not know the difference between the two. Here a little effort has been put up to bring the difference between a petrol engine and a diesel engine into focus.

All about petrol engine
Coming to the most basic difference, a petrol engine uses petrol as a fuel. Simple it may appear to you, but the type of fuel used affects a lot of engine design. The ignition temperature of petrol is somewhat higher, so a good temperature is required to ignite the fuel in the combustion chamber. A carburetor is required for the purpose. Carburetor is responsible for mixing of atomized fuel in form of a fine spray with the air. This mixture is sucked in during the suction stroke. The compression of the fuel during the compression stroke produces heat but it is not enough to ignite the fuel. Hence an ignition coil and a spark plug is required to ignite the fuel.

The compression ratio of fuel in the combustion chamber varies from 5:1 to 8:1. The compression pressure varies from 6 to 10 kg/cm2. The temperature rises over 260°C during compression. The thermal efficiency varies from 25 to 32%. The weight of the engine per horsepower produced is comparatively lower than the diesel counterpart of the engine and the operating costs are also high.

All about diesel engine
As in case of a petrol engine using petrol as fuel, a diesel engine uses diesel as fuel. Hence the designing of a diesel engine is done keeping in mind the fuel used. The ignition temperature of the diesel is comparatively lower than petrol. The temperature rise obtained due to compression of the air is enough to ignite the fuel. Hence ignition coils and spark plugs are not required in these type of engines. Also it has to be noted that unlike petrol engines, mixture of air and fuel is not sucked in during the suction stroke. Only air is sucked in during the suction stroke and the fuel is injected in atomized form with high pressure ranging from 120 to 200 kg/cm2 after the compression has taken place.

The compression ratio of the fuel is comparatively high and ranges from 14:1 to 22:1 and the pressure of the compression varies from35 to 45 kg/cm2. The temperature rises up to 500°C during the compression. The thermal efficiency of the system varies from 32 to 38%. The weight of the engine per horsepower is comparatively higher and the operating cost is also low.

The way a diesel engine and petrol engine are different from each other is clearly defined in the above paragraphs. Based on the information provided above, a customer will be able to make a wise choice regarding the choice of engine.
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Causes of Water Pollution

Water pollution is due to contamination of water by pollutants and alterations in the physical, chemical and biological properties of water which shows effects on humans.
Pollution of water is due to the discharge of chemicals or wastes into the system from industries without any treatment. Drinking of polluted water leads to health diseases and some times leads to death. Here are some causes for water pollution.

Industrial wastes
One of the major causes of water pollution is due to industries. Industries dump their wastes into rivers and oceans without any treatment. These wastes include heavy metals and toxic products such as arsenic, lead and mercury which causes harm to environment.

Sewage wastes
Another major cause that leads to pollution of water is sewage waste. This pollution is due to the improper sewage treatment. Sewage contains faeces, urine and chemical wastes released by human. These faeces contains microbes such as coliform bacteria. If we drink such polluted water it causes diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and gastric irritation.

Vehicle smoke
Now a days, use of vehicles is increased which is polluting air and water. These vehicle release toxic fumes such as carbon monoxide, sulfates and nitrates. These come in contact with water vapor present in the air and gives mild corrosive acids. This acids reaches ground as acid rains. Consumption of polluted water leads to diseases in humans.

Burning of coal
Burning of coal leads to release of mercury into the atmosphere. This mercury enters earth and reaches to the rivers and lakes. Thereby ground water gets polluted. Drinking water polluted with this leads to lung and kidney problems and increases the risk of cancer.

Nuclear wastes
As the world is more dependent on nuclear energy, the wastes from nuclear industry plays major role in water pollution. Wastes from nuclear industry, medical and scientific research centers includes radio active substances and toxic metals released into the lakes and rivers without any treatment. Thereby water gets polluted. Drinking such water leads to genetic disorders.

Oil spills
Oil spills is one of the major causes for water pollution. Large oil tank ships release gallons of oil as wastes into the oceans.

Agricultural farming
Pesticides and fertilizers used in agricultural farming containing nitrogen and phosphorus enrich the soil near the lakes and rivers and makes the algae to grow. It utilizes all the oxygen, and water becomes polluted which leads to diseases.

Underground storage and leakage
Many petroleum and oils are stored in metal pipes and sewage pipes underground. Over a period of time, the pipes rust and leakage from these enters into the ground and reaches water system. There by water gets polluted.
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Advantages of Website Monitoring

The website is critical for every business irrespective of size or type of business you are doing. A website has the potential to attract the attention of number of customers to your services. You might have built it with professional design, content, graphics and even you may have optimized it.

These are important but at the same time, you should be aware of things happening with your website with regard to its availability, performance or functionality. Website monitoring is crucial as it alerts you about the issues that your website is facing. And, you can take immediate action to resolve before it becomes complex. In this article, we’ll see the advantages of doing website monitoring.

  • Checks website’s up-time and downtime: With the help of web monitoring, you can know the performance of your website whether it is facing up-time and downtime. Another important fact is that you can know your site’s performance in each location across the globe. As in some region it may be up-time and in the other region you may see downtime.

    Your web-hosting company instantly notifies you whenever there is any issue or problems occurred in accessing your website by the end-user. And, you can take appropriate action to resolve it at the earliest and can reduce the site’s downtime up to 90%.

  • Customer satisfaction: Website monitoring collects vast data on the performance of your website like web-page loading time, server response time and page element performance, etc. Based on this, you can further optimize its performance. With the uninterrupted services like minimized loading time of web-page and website’s downtime engages your customers. And, they may not think of moving to the other site.
  • Good traffic: Uninterrupted and high quality services not only retains customers but also compels them to visit again. By site monitoring, you can know the issues on time and can give a quick solution. This adds credibility and trust in the minds of the customers.
  • Good investment: Investing in site monitoring is a sensible decision as it saves a lot for your business by notifying website performance. If you are unaware of your website’s downtime for a long period of time, your site may be de-indexed from search results by search engines or can lose customers, sales and reputation. However, it takes long time to rebuilt the lost trust. Every minute of downtime equates to the lost profit.
  • Benchmark website performance: Site monitoring makes sure that your website and its web applications are running smoothly. This leads to optimal experience to your website visitors.
  • Uninterrupted communication: A server is responsible for the flow of information like emails, messages or voice and video communication across all the verticals. Server monitoring ensures that server is executing its function uninterruptedly.

Components of Air Brake System in a Vehicle

Typically foundation brakes are the common air-brake systems found in trucks and buses. Air is build up inside the air lines. All the vehicles equipped with air brakes will have a release system. Let us know what are the components in air braking system. The following components are found in a foundation air-brake system in a truck or a bus:

automotive digital marketingAir compressor

  • It’s used to pump the air into storage tanks which is used to control the braking system.

Air compressor governor

  • It controls the cut-in and cut-out point of the air compressor.
  • It’s useful to maintain the amount of air in the storage tank.

Air reservoir tanks

  • The compressed or pressurized air which is created by the air compressor is stored in the air reservoir tank.
  • This compressed air is further used to control the brakes.

Drain valves

  • Drain valves are also called as release valves. These are equipped near the air storage tank used to drain the air when the vehicle, If the vehicle is not in use.

Foot valve

  • It’s located near the brake pedals. When a foot valve is depressed, air is released from the reservoir tanks.

Brake chambers

  • It is a cylindrical container, a slack adjuster is mounted on it.
  • The brake chambers is used to moves the cam mechanism.

Push rod

  • Push rod is made of steel,it connects the brake chamber to the slack adjuster.
  • When a push rod is depressed, the brakes are released.

Slack adjuster

  • It’s an arm which is connected to the push rod and the brake s-cam.
  • Slack adjuster are used to adjust the distance between the brake shoes.

Brake S-cam

  • A s-shaped cam is used to disengage the brake shoes apart against the brake drum.

Brake shoe

  • Brake shoe are made of steel,it’s a lining mechanism which is equipped near the braking system that causes friction against the brake drum.
  • Due to this vehicle slows down or stops.

Return spring

  • Return spring are connected to each of the brake shoes.
  • These springs are used to return the brake shoes to it’s normal position. These are very stiff springs.

When the foot is removed from the brake pedal, the vehicle’s air system charged. When brake pedal is depressed the air pressure decreases, moving the s-cam and spreading the brake shoes against the drum. The air compressor supplies the air reservoir tank and when you allow the brake pedal to return, the air pressure increases back to the normal position. These are the components of the air brake system in a vehicle.
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